Research: a systematic investigation, including research development, testing and evaluation, designed to develop or contribute to generalizable knowledge.
This includes activities which meet the definition whether or not they are conducted under a program which is considered research for other purposes; for example, demonstration and service programs may include research activities.
Human Subject: a living individual about whom an investigator conducting research obtains data through intervention or interaction with the individual, or identifiable private information.
Clinical Investigation: any experiment that involves a test article and one or more human subjects.
Prospective Research: If the research study involves data or specimens that have not been created or collected at the time of IRB submission.
Retrospective Research: If the research study involves data or specimens that already exist in their entirety at the time of IRB submission